The Biological and Natural Resources Engineering Journal is an open access journal that publishes twice a year  (June and December) on articles concerning all areas of biology and natural resource-based products in both theoretical and applied research. BNREJ welcomes article submissions from all biological and natural resources research areas including Molecular Engineering, Bioenvironmental Engineering, Biomaterials, Green Nanotechnology, Bioprocess Engineering, Biomanufacturing, and Bioenergy. BNREJ intends to keep researchers abreast with the latest developments in biological and natural resource-based products, provide a forum for the expression of new ideas, as well as a place for an exposition of these areas of knowledge that can further the understanding of science and technology issues and concerns.